Kidney transplantation is a procedure that places a healthy kidney from another person into patient's body. This one new kidney takes over the work of two failed kidneys.
A surgeon places the new kidney inside patient's lower abdomen and connects the artery and vein of the new kidney to artery and vein. Patient's blood flows through the new kidney, which makes urine, just like kidneys in a healthy individual. Unless they are causing infection or high blood pressure, own kidneys are left in place.
Who is candidate for Kidney Transplant?
Any patient whose kidneys have permanently stopped working is a potential candidate for a kidney transplant. However, many factors must be considered in choosing between transplantation and chronic dialysis for an individual. Among these factors are age, other medical problems, and personal considerations of work and lifestyle. Patient should discuss the options with doctor and attempt to obtain as much information as possible in reaching decision.
Types of donor sources in Kidney Transplant:
There are three sources of kidneys for transplantation: living related, living unrelated, and cadaver donors. Living donors are usually members of the recipient's immediate family, such as siblings, parents or children. Only such close relatives are likely to have an acceptable tissue match. Cadaver donor kidneys are removed from victims of brain death, usually the result of an accident or a stroke.